Yves Faguy

Indigenous law

Looking back at Latif and the challenge of proving discrimination

Par Yves Faguy juillet 13, 2018 13 juillet 2018

Looking back at Latif and the challenge of proving discrimination

 

This month marks the third anniversary of the Supreme Court of Canada ruling in which it rejected an appeal from Javed Latif, a Canadian pilot of Pakistani origin who claimed the transportation company Bombardier Inc. had discriminated against him on account of his ethnic background. Bombardier refused to provide him training at its facility in Quebec because U.S. authorities had declared him a threat to aviation security (Latif was also licensed in the U.S.). The Quebec Human Rights Tribunal agreed with Latif’s position, Quebec’s Court of Appeal set aside its decision because it could not find that Bombardier had discriminated against Latif without proof that the U.S. authorities’ decision was itself based on a ground that the Charter prohibits. In its ruling Supreme Court outlined the test for establishing discrimination in human rights cases.

In their recent article published in the current edition of the Canadian Bar Review, Colleen Sheppard and Mary Louise Chabot draw parallels with a very different decision, the SCC’s Taypotat ruling, that decided that minimum education requirements to run for Chief or Band Councillor in the Kahkewistahaw First Nation are not discriminatory under section 15 of the Charter. The authors argue that our courts need to be more sensitive to the evidentiary challenges facing plaintiffs in establishing discrimination:

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Investor-State disputes

A more perfect international investor court?

Par Yves Faguy juillet 9, 2018 9 juillet 2018

A more perfect international investor court? <p> Over the past few years, the European Commission (EC) has been pushing to replace the traditional arbitration framework for investor-state disputes (ISDS) with a new investment court system &ndash; or ICS &ndash;run by independent judges, bound by strict conflict-of-interest rules, and operating more transparently.&nbsp; It&rsquo;s precisely what Canada and the EU agreed to when they concluded their free trade agreement, CETA. The &nbsp;push is part of an effort to respond to criticism that the traditional ISDS model of using arbitral tribunals to solve disputes is overly favourable to foreign investors at the expense of states&rsquo; interests.&nbsp; What&rsquo;s more ISDS allows investors to challenge domestic regulations and policies before private arbitration courts that are mostly out of reach of regular litigants. CETA&rsquo;s investment court system also provides for an appellate body to review decisions. The hope here is that this will help produce more consistency in treaty interpretation.</p> <p> On these points, in an article to be published in <em>The</em> <em>University of Western Australia Law Review</em>, <a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3198430">Kyle Dickson-Smith looks</a> at how investor-state dispute claims in developed countries encroach on the work of domestic courts which, in turn, judge the appropriateness of the arbitral tribunal&rsquo;s findings:</p>

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CBA Futures

Legal futures round-up

Par Yves Faguy juillet 4, 2018 4 juillet 2018

Legal futures round-up

 

Summer heat be damned. Time for a quick round-up of notable trends and developments and views that highlight innovation in the legal industry.

Out of Quebec is news that the CyberJustice Laboratory at Université de Montréal is embarking on a major international research project, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, on AI and justice. Over the next six years, 45 researchers will study how AI can help improve access to justice. Leading the project is Professor Karim Benyekhlef, the director of the Laboratory. “At first, I think AI is going to be used for low-intensity disputes,” says Benyekhlef. “It’s useful for users of the justice system who want to get an idea of whether they have a case that’s worth pursuing or not.”

Speaking of which, Thomson Reuters does a deep dive into the alternative legal service providers market. Three spoiler takeaways: The decision by law firms to use an ALSP is no longer just about cost; they want specialized expertise.  They’re coming around to viewing ALSPs as collaborators of sorts, not just the competition. And AI will continue to fuel the trend.

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Q&R

Q&R: Mark A. Cohen et les compétences interpersonnelles pour l’avenir

Par Yves Faguy juin 18, 2018 18 juin 2018

Q&R: Mark A. Cohen et les compétences interpersonnelles pour l’avenir

 

À l’heure où les systèmes d’automatisation gagnent du terrain et grugent notre sentiment de sécurité, les compétences interpersonnelles seront en très forte demande sur le marché des talents, selon Mark A. Cohen, conseiller stratégique et chef de la direction de Legal Mosaic. ABC National s’est entretenue avec lui après son allocution à la Conférence nationale de l’ACCJE 2018 à Toronto, et lui a demandé comment les cabinets peuvent concentrer leurs efforts sur l’embauche des bonnes personnes.

ABC National Vous avez dit que la stricte connaissance du droit ne sera plus suffisante à l’avenir, et que les compétences interpersonnelles reviennent au premier plan. Pourquoi?

Mark A. Cohen C’est vrai. La plupart des gens craignent d’être remplacés par des machines ou relégués au second plan. Mais au fur et à mesure que les technologies se répandront, les professionnels compétents se distingueront entre autres par leur intelligence émotionnelle et leurs compétences interpersonnelles. J’ai toujours vu le droit comme un jeu de persuasion. Et ceux qui sont doués dans les relations humaines pourront désormais utiliser les technologies pour devenir encore plus convaincants. Ceux qui réussiront seront les leaders capables de tirer des données des machines, de comprendre l’information et de la transmettre efficacement pour qu’on agisse en conséquence.

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Trade

What it will take to get NAFTA negotiations back on track

Par Yves Faguy juin 14, 2018 14 juin 2018

<p> <iframe allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/6NmgwFOY8J4" width="560"></iframe></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> Harsh language rarely helps the cause. Emphasizing a more positive intention is generally the best way to get parties to agree to a deal.&nbsp; That was the subtext of the message delivered yesterday by Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale who, in an interview on a Fox News business made the case that Canada still wants to make a deal to update the North American Free Trade Agreement.&nbsp;</p> <p> It didn&rsquo;t go unnoticed that Goodale squeezed in some heartfelt compliments to U.S. President Donald Trump for reaching an agreement with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore this week.</p> <p> Hopefully, the change in tone will get Canada and the United States back on track to find a resolution to their fraying trade relations after the Quebec G7 Summit, says Clifford Sosnow, a lawyer and partner at Fasken Martineau DuMoulin, based in Ottawa and Toronto.</p> <p> The other major challenge, he says, is figuring out what the end game is for the Trump administration.</p>

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