The Power of Perspectives

The Canadian Bar Association

National Blog

Immigration Detention Framework: Let the children go

By Kim Covert June 30 2017 30 June 2017

     

    The CBA response to consultations on the Canadian Border Services Agency’s new National Immigration Detention Framework touches on four concerns – particularly the question of detaining children.

    Whatever the status of the child, whether he or she is an unaccompanied minor, or a Canadian citizen with parents being held in detention, the overriding rule of thumb should always be to keep the best interests of the child in the forefront. And it is never in the best interests of a child to be detained, say the CBA National Immigration Section and the Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Community Forum in their submission.

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    Trans inmates: It’s all about respect

    By Kim Covert June 29 2017 29 June 2017

       

      Historically, trans inmates are penalized not only for their criminal behaviour but, because Canadian jails and prisons – and the policies that govern them – weren’t designed to accommodate non-binary prisoners, they’re also punished for asserting a gender other than that assigned at birth.

      Correctional Service Canada is reviewing its policies relating to gender identity and expression and the CBA’s Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Community Forum, along with the CBA Criminal Justice Section, made a submission in June to respond to CSC’s proposed policy amendments.

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      Building a foundation for data-collection under MAID

      By Kim Covert June 27 2017 27 June 2017


        Too onerous, too cumbersome, and possibly not quite respectful enough of privacy, are some of the responses from the CBA’s End of Life Working Group to a Health Canada consultation on a monitoring regime for those seeking a doctor’s assistance to end their lives.

        The Medical Assistance in Dying Act passed in June 2016 acknowledges the importance of a comprehensive monitoring system to collect and analyze data about the demand for medical assistance in dying, and to monitor trends.

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        Mercosur trade talks: An opportunity for Canada to review its model free-trade agreement

        By Kim Covert June 26 2017 26 June 2017


          A cigar may sometimes be just a cigar, as they say, but a trade deal is rarely a simple matter of exchanges of goods or services for money.

          Several CBA groups have weighed in on the positions the federal government should take if it decides to formally reopen trade talks with the MERCOSUR bloc, including International Law, Immigration Law, Competition Law, the CCCA and the Anti-Corruption Team. Mercosur, also known as the Southern Cone Common Market, is a customs union established by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

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          Parts of small business tax amendments fall ‘outside the realm of mischief’

          By Kim Covert June 26 2017 26 June 2017


            A proposal in the 2016 federal budget to change section 125 of the Income Tax Act dealing with the Small Business Deduction risks creating unintended consequences for businesses across the country, says the Joint Committee on Taxation of the CBA and Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada.

            The Joint Committee sent a submission outlining its concerns with the proposed amendments to Finance Canada last summer. It prepared a second submission for the Canada Revenue Agency in February and then met with members of the CRA, who agreed that the statutory language supports the committee’s interpretation. The CRA said that the matter would have to go back to Finance Canada. So in June, the Joint Committee sent its February submission to the Tax Policy Branch of Finance Canada.

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            A few challenges in the reinstated Court Challenges Program

            By Kim Covert June 23 2017 23 June 2017

               

              The Canadian Bar Association is happy to see the Court Challenges Program reinstated. The program has played an important role in developing groundbreaking jurisprudence on equality and language rights in Canada.

              That said, the reinstated and modernized program as proposed – particularly the decision to extend the scope of the Program and the continued exclusion of Aboriginal and treaty rights – has triggered some concerns.

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              ‘Use’ requirement for trademark registration doesn’t need fixing

              By Kim Covert June 22 2017 22 June 2017

                 

                Amendments  to the Trade-Marks Act made in 2014, despite not being fully implemented yet, have already encouraged squatting and over-claiming, and have resulted in a 75 per cent increase in the number of Canadian applications waiting to be registered, from 40,000 in 2014 to nearly 70,000, the CBA National IP Section says in a letter to Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.

                “We believe many of these pending applications would be registered, but for the current requirement to file a declaration of use,” the Section says.

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                End of life: Chairs are seated, let’s get to work

                By Kim Covert June 22 2017 22 June 2017


                  In April, the Council of Canadian Academies announced the appointment of its Expert Panel on Medical Assistance in Dying, to be chaired by former Supreme Court Justice Marie Deschamps.

                  It also announced the chairs of the working groups tasked with studying the three areas that the federal government marked out for further study when it passed the medical assistance in dying law: mature minors, advance requests and mental illness.

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                  Getting technical: Recommendations for billed-basis accounting changes

                  By Kim Covert June 15 2017 15 June 2017

                    The federal government’s policy rationale for repealing section 34 of the Income Tax Act – the billed-basis accounting tax provision for several groups of professionals – may seem sound, but doing so will create uncertainties and compliance burdens that have sunk similar proposals in the past, says the Joint Committee on Taxation of the Canadian Bar Association and Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada.

                    The federal government announced in its March 2017 budget that it would remove the exemption available to professionals including doctors, dentists, accountants and lawyers to exclude work-in-progress from their year-end income.

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                    The CBA responds to ILO’s call for input on child labour

                    By Kim Covert June 14 2017 14 June 2017

                      Child labour has largely been eradicated in First-World countries yet people who congratulate themselves for not forcing their country’s children to work for pennies also benefit from that kind of labour elsewhere, by paying lower prices for consumer goods.

                      It’s part of the reason why child labour is such a seemingly intractable problem – world governments failed in their goal to end the worst forms of child labour by 2016. Now the 2015 sustainable development have reiterated the call for an end to child labour. Goal 8.7 sets a goal of 2025 for ending child labour in all its forms– just eight years from now.

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                      CBA submission on the environmental review process

                      By Kim Covert May 18 2017 18 May 2017


                        In the tennis match that is the government’s review of its environmental assessment process, the ball is back in the CBA’s court – and the Association is calling a fault on the play.

                        In December, the CBA’s National Aboriginal Law Section and the National Environmental, Energy and Resources Law Section made a joint submission to the expert panel in Vancouver, and followed up with a letter in response to questions asked by the panel.

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                        CBA rolls out child rights toolkit

                        By CBA/ABC National May 17 2017 17 May 2017

                           

                          The CBA has launched an online toolkit packed with information and resources to help lawyers, judges and other professionals make better decisions for children.

                          The CBA Child Rights Toolkit provides checklists, key cases, precedents and sample facta plus basic information on overarching principles of children’s rights, constitutional considerations, legal representation, the role of independent human rights institutions and child rights impact assessments.

                          It is designed to help identify breaches of legal rights and provide remedies across a broad range of practice areas from family law and child protection to immigration and education law.

                          The resource is a collaborative effort of 13 CBA sections led by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child subcommittee of the Children’s Law Committee. It was funded by the CBA Law for the Future Fund, and inspired by the need to improve access to justice for children in Canada.

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